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Pneumonia Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

November 26, 2018 by HealthNeed Adminstrator

Pneumonia is a serious respiratory infection that causes inflammation within the air sacs found in either one lung or both. Once the infection takes hold, these air sacs become filled with pus, fluid, and other purulent materials. Shortly after the air sacs fill with these fluids, the person afflicted with the infection will develop a bad cough that will typically be accompanied by a fever, chills, and moderate to severe difficulty breathing. The coughing is a result of the body attempting to expel the phlegm, mucus, and pus stored within the infected air sacs. Pneumonia is not caused by a singular infection source, rather, it can be caused by a wide number of viruses, bacteria, or fungi that make their way into the pulmonary tissues.

It is important to understand that pneumonia symptoms and treatment options are not universally the same, so always consult with a physician if you think you have contracted the illness. Do not attempt to treat it on your own, as pneumonia can be fatal.

The Top 8 Symptoms of Pneumonia

The symptoms of pneumonia can be extremely varied. They can cause light symptoms that are barely noticeable, or they can bring about severe symptoms that if left untreated can become fatal. In the list below , we've outlined the top 8 symptoms that pneumonia sufferers are typically faced with.

1. Chest Pain - Pneumonia sufferers will typically feel moderate to severe chest pain due to the fluid accumulation within the lung's air sacs and the strain on the lungs caused by profuse coughing.

2. Confusion - It is not uncommon for pneumonia sufferers to be afflicted by mental confusion, especially sufferers that are over the age of 65 years old. This sense of confusion is caused by a reduced or compromised air flow to the brain and nervous system.

3. Cough - The lungs are designed to rapidly expel foreign particles and debris. Once the lung's air sacs begin to fill with pus and fluid, a light to a severe cough will begin.

4. Fatigue - Anyone who sufferers from pneumonia will tell you that they feel a serve sense of tiredness. This is the result of reduced oxygen supply to the brain and a heighten immune response.

5. Fever and Sweating - Pneumonia will almost always cause a fever and profuse sweating, two important immune responses triggered by the body. The fever will also typically be accompanied by severe shaking or chills.

6. Low Temperature - Patients suffering from pneumonia typically report feeling a lowered body temperature. This is thought to be caused by the body becoming weak due to the heightened immune response and lowered oxygen supply.

7. Nausea and Diarrhea - Another way that the body tries to rid itself of harmful bacteria, viruses, and fungi, is through releasing it out of the digestive system. Many pneumonia patients are often afflicted with severe nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.

8. Shortness of Breath - Pneumonia sufferers will usually feel shortness of breath. This is caused by air sacs within the lungs filling with fluid and inhibiting the person from being able to take a full breath of air.

Pneumonia Causes

There are many causes of pneumonia, but generally, it is caused by germs. The most common germs responsible for it are airborne bacteria and viruses. While a healthy body can usually fight off these germs, the bacteria and viruses can occasionally overpower a person's immune system which in turn leads to an infection. The last cause of pneumonia is by exposure to airborne fungi. While somewhat uncommon, pneumonia can be triggered by moderate to severe exposure to fungi, particularly the type that grows indoors.

Pneumonia Treatment

After a series of blood and lung tests are conducted on a patient to confirm pneumonia, it will typically be treated with antibiotics, cough medicine, and pain relievers that possess a fever-reducing property. Pneumonia caused by bacteria is typically always treated with antibiotics, as the risk of the infection spreading to the heart is quite high. Mild to moderate cases of pneumonia caused by viruses are not always severe enough to warrant the use of antibiotic treatments, as they can typically be defeated by an immune system that has been bolstered by plenty of rest and the consumption of lots of fluids.

We Offer Leading Treatment Options

If you or a loved one are suffering from pneumonia then we encourage you to check in to HealthNeed Medical Urgent Care. At HealthNeed we have a state of the treatment facility that can treat pneumonia sufferers and get them on the fast track to a full and immediate recovery. Call us today for more instructions on how we can help get you feeling better.

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